Adhik Maas 2023 | Purushottam Maas: Meaning, Date, Puja, Vrat Katha
Adhik Maas, or Purushottam Maas, is a unique period in the Hindu lunar calendar. This event is significant for its religious implications and unique rituals. In 2023, the Adhik Maas commences on July 18 and ends on August 16. Let’s delve deeper into the meaning, significance, and celebrations of this spiritual month. Adhik Maas 2023.
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Understanding Adhik Maas 2023: The Extra Lunar Month
The Hindu calendar follows the moon’s cycles and consists of about 29.5 days per lunar month. This results in a lunar year with approximately 354 days, as compared to the 365 days of a solar year. This discrepancy of 11 days each year accumulates to form a whole extra month, known as Adhik Maas, after around 2 to 3 years.
Adhik Maas, also referred to as Mal Maas, Londa Maas, Purushottama Maas, or Malimmacha, does not have a fixed place in the Hindu calendar and can occur randomly between any two months. In 2023, this extra lunar month is dedicated to Lord Shri Krishna.
The Legends of Adhik Maas
Every month in the lunar calendar is represented by a God, leaving Adhik Maas, or Mal Maas, without representation. Feeling left out, Adhik Maas sought refuge with Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu, in his kindness, assigned Himself to Adhik Maas and declared that the merits one could earn through good deeds, prayers, and austerities during other months could be acquired within this extra month. This marked the birth of Purushottama Maas, a period now seen as more significant than other months. Adhik Maas 2023.
Rituals and Observations during Adhik Maas
During Adhik Maas, several religious rituals are observed. Here’s a brief list of the common practices:
- Observing fasts of varying durations (full day, half day, weekly, fortnight, full month) based on an individual’s capacity.
- Reciting religious scriptures.
- Conducting mantra japa, prayers, and different types of pujas and havans.
- Holding a katha series from a holy text.
These rituals cleanse the individual of their sins from the current and past life.
Benefits of Adhik Maas Pujas
Observing fast and performing pujas during this month have several benefits:
- Equivalent to performing hundred yagnas.
- Leads to happiness, peace, and harmony.
- Helps fulfill desires, acquire health and wealth.
- Acts as a medium for blessings and procreation.
- Assists in overcoming difficult times.
- Counteracts malefic effects in the horoscope.
Recommendations for Adhik Maas
As Adhik Maas is dedicated to Lord Purushottama, chanting His shlokas, the Vishnu sahasranama, and the Suktas is highly recommended. Wake up between 4 am and 6 am, perform ablutions, and conduct a Sodashopachara puja to the idols of Radha-Krishna or Lakshmi-Narayana. Adhik Maas 2023.
Performing pilgrimages and pujas in nearby temples is considered beneficial during this period. Also, reading from the Puranas such as the Shrimad Bhagawat puran, Bhavishyottar Purana, Shrimad Devi Bhagavatam, and Shri Vishnu puran is advised.
The observance of Adhik Maas is a unique spiritual journey that helps individuals cleanse their sins and imbibe positive virtues. It’s a sacred period that brings one closer to the divine and furthers their spiritual growth.
The Story of Adhik Maas
An interesting tale about the origins of Adhik Maas revolves around a conversation between Lakshmi Devi and Srihari (Lord Vishnu). When Lakshmi Devi asked about the procedure for Adhika Masa puja, Srihari explained that he himself is the lord for the Adhika Maas, and it’s named as Purushottama. He further informed her that any good deeds, such as bathing (snaana), chanting (japa), and fire ritual (homaa), performed during this month will yield ‘akshaya phala’, or everlasting rewards. Adhik Maas 2023.
He also warned of the consequences for those who fail to perform these good deeds during this period – they may suffer from poverty (daaridrya), bereavement (putrashoka), and other hardships. However, individuals unable to carry out these acts for the entire month can instead observe them on specific days such as Krishna paksha Astami, Navami, Chaturdashi, Dwadashi, Pournami, Chaturdashi, etc.
The Importance of Selflessness in Adhik Maas
Adhik Maas places a significant emphasis on selfless acts. During this month, individuals are encouraged to perform selfless services. These acts not only cleanse the individual spiritually but also enhance their overall character. Engaging in selfless services during Adhik Maas can contribute greatly to one’s spiritual merit. Adhik Maas 2023.
King Nahush and the Power of Adhik Maas Vrat
The power and significance of observing a vrat during Adhik Maas is beautifully illustrated in the story of King Nahush. King Nahush, through the observance of Mal Maas Vrat, was freed from all bondages and ascended to the throne of Indra, the king of gods and ruler of the heavens. This story underlines the profound impact and transformative power of observing a fast during this auspicious month. Adhik Maas 2023
Final Thoughts on Adhik Maas
Adhik Maas is a spiritual period that allows individuals to focus on their personal growth, repent for their past misdoings, and foster a sense of devotion. The rituals, practices, and tales associated with this month serve as reminders of the values of discipline, dedication, and devotion to the divine. Adhik Maas 2023.
The celebration of Adhik Maas is not just an opportunity to align our lunar and solar calendars, but it’s also a chance to align our spiritual and earthly lives. As we observe this sacred month, let’s cherish the teachings it offers and strive to inculcate these values in our daily lives. Adhik Maas 2023.
Our free will and choices play a significant role in determining our life path. Ultimately, how we navigate these celestial currents lies in our own hands. Adhik Maas 2023.
May peace be with you. Shubham Bhavatu.